Canadian Lynx

Lynx canadensis

The Canadian lynx is a North American mammal of the cat family. It is a close relative of the Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx). However, in some characteristics the Canada lynx is more like the bobcat (Lynx rufus) than the Eurasian Lynx.

It ranges across Canada and into Alaska as well as some parts of the northern United States.

With a dense silvery-brown coat, ruffed face and tufted ears, the Canada lynx resembles the other species of the mid-sized Lynx genus. It is larger than the bobcat, with which it shares parts of its range, and over twice the size of the domestic cat. The appearance of the Canada lynx is similar to that of the other lynx with dense fur is silvery brown and may bear blackish markings.

In summer, its coat takes on a more reddish brown color. It has a furry ruff which resembles a double-pointed beard, a short tail with a black tip, and long furry tufts on its ears. Its long legs with broad furred feet aid in traveling through deep snow.

Litters contain from one to four cubs, and tend to be much larger when prey is abundant, but females often do not mate at all when prey is scarce. When cubs are born in lean years, infant mortality may be as high as 95%.