The sitatunga is a medium-sized antelope found throughout the marshes and swamps of Central Africa, centering on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cameroon and parts of Southern Sudan as well as in Ghana, Botswana, Zambia, Gabon, Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya.
As an adaptation to its swampy and marshy habitat, the sitatunga has a shaggy, water-resistant coat. The coat colour varies geographically, but, in general, is a rufous red in juveniles and chestnut in females.
The coats of males darken with age, becoming gray to dark brown. Males develop a rough and scraggy mane, usually brown in colour, and a white dorsal stripe. There is a chevron between the eyes of the males.
There are white facial markings, as well as several stripes and spots, though they are only faintly visible. White patches can be observed on the throat, near the head and the chest.